Difference between revisions of "2Pac"

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{{Infobox_Biography
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http://data.whicdn.com/images/70164213/large.jpg
|subject_name = Tupac Amaru Shakur
 
|image_name = 2Pac2.jpg<!-- FAIR USE of 2Pac2.jpg: see image description page at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:2Pac2.jpg for rationale -->|thumb|250px|Tupac Shakur.
 
|image_caption =
 
|date_of_birth = [[June 16]] [[1971]]
 
|place_of_birth = <!-- Please do not change this location without discussing on the talk page first -->[[Manhattan|New York, New York]], [[United States|USA]]
 
|dead=dead
 
|date_of_death = [[September 13]] [[1996]]
 
|place_of_death = [[Las Vegas, Nevada]], [[United States|USA]]
 
}}
 
'''Tupac Amaru Shakur''' ([[June 16]], [[1971]]&ndash;[[September 13]], [[1996]]), also known by his [[stage name]] '''2Pac''', was an [[United States|American]] [[hip hop music|hip hop]] [[artist]], [[poet]] and [[actor]]. He is listed in the ''[[Guinness World Records|Guinness Book of World Records]]'' as the best-selling rap/hip-hop artist ever, having sold 73 million [[album]]s worldwide, including 44.5 million sales in the United States alone.  He has had 17 top ten singles in the United States. He is consistently ranked by fans, critics and industry insiders as the greatest [[rapper]] ever.<ref>[http://www.vibe.com/news/news_headlines/2006/06/tupac_shakur_legacy_continues/ ''Vibe.com''], a article on Vibe.com</ref>
 
  
Born in [[New York City]], Tupac frequently found his family changing place of residence. In 1988, his family moved to the state of [[California]] where he would continue to reside for the rest of his life. In 1990 he was hired as a back-up dancer for the [[alternative rap]] group [[Digital Underground]]. Tupac's debut album, ''[[2Pacalypse Now]]'', gained critical recognition and a ranged amount of backlash for its controversial criticism of the [[police force]]. Shakur became the target of various law suits and experienced legal troubles--most notably, he was convicted of sexually assaulting a woman in 1993. The day before the guilty verdict was issued, Shakur was shot five times in a recording studio lobby in Manhattan. Following the incident, Shakur grew suspicious that other rappers were involved in his shooting; the controversy would help spark the later [[East Coast-West Coast hip hop rivalry|East Coast-West Coast]] feud. After serving eleven months of his sentence for the alleged sodomy, Shakur was bailed from prison by [[Suge Knight|Marion "Suge" Knight]], the [[Chief executive officer|CEO]] of [[Death Row Records]]. In exchange, Shakur would release three records under the label, with his fifth, being the double disc album ''[[All Eyez on Me]]'' counting as two albums. On [[September 7]], [[1996]], Tupac was shot four times in a drive by shooting in [[Las Vegas]], [[Nevada]]. On [[September 13]], [[1996]], six days after the shooting, Tupac died of respiratory failure and [[cardiac arrest]] in a Las Vegas local hospital. Many posthumous albums have been released under Shakur's name.
 
  
Tupac's music addresses such topics as the hardships of growing up around violence in [[Ghetto#Ghettos in the United States|United States ghettos]], [[poverty]], [[racism]], and his [[hip hop rivalries|feuds with fellow rappers]]. He is known for the messages of political, economic, and [[racial equality]] that pervade his work as well as the "[[Thug Life]]" that he raps about living in. His music has attracted a large amount of controversy and was showcased in the media a number of times. He has gained a large amount of publicity for being one of the main figures in the [[East Coast-West Coast hip hop rivalry|East Coast vs. West Coast feud]] between his Death Row Records label and [[Bad Boy Records]]. During his lifetime, Tupac released five albums and played roles in several films.
 
  
== Early life ==   
 
  
<!-- Please do not change the location of birth without discussing it on the talk page first -->Tupac Amaru Shakur was born in the [[Spanish Harlem|East Harlem]] section of [[Manhattan]] in  [[New York City]].<ref>''Tupac:Resurrection'', published by Atria Books, 2003, ISBN 0743474341</ref> He was named after [[Túpac Amaru II]], an [[Inca Empire|Incan]] revolutionary who led a Peruvian uprising against Spain and was subsequently sentenced to death. His last name Shakur comes from the  Arabic word ''thankful'' (to God). It has been rumored that Shakur's birth name was Lesane Parish Crooks<ref name="m dyson holler">Dyson, M. ''Holler If You Hear Me:  Searching for Tupac Shakur''. BasicCivitas Books. 2001.</ref>, but this has been proven false. Shakur's mother [[Afeni Shakur|Afeni]] was an active member of the [[Black Panther Party]] in New York in the late 1960s and early 1970s; Shakur was born just one month after his mother's acquittal on more than 100 charges of ''"conspiracy against the United States government and New York landmarks"'' in the "New York Panther 21" court case.<ref>[http://www.2paclegacy.com/images/assets/bio_afeni_shakur/afeni_shakur_biography.pdf ''Afeni Shakur''], brief biography in PDF format, published 2002 by Amaru Entertainment</ref>
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==Biography==
  
Shakur's godfather, [[Geronimo Pratt|Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt]], was convicted of [[murder]]ing a schoolteacher during a 1968 robbery. His stepfather, [[Mutulu Shakur]], spent four years at large on the [[FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives by decade, 1980's|FBI's Ten Most Wanted Fugitives]] list beginning in 1982, when Tupac was a pre-teen. Mutulu was wanted in part for having aided his sister [[Assata Shakur]], Tupac's godmother, to escape from prison in [[New Jersey]], where she had been incarcerated for the murder and wounding of two [[State police|state trooper]]s in 1973. Mutulu was caught in 1986 and imprisoned after being found guilty of the attempted robbery of a Brinks armored car in which two police officers and a guard were killed.<ref>''LAbyrinth: A Detective Investigates the Murders of Tupac Shakur and Biggie Smalls, the Implication of Death Row Records' Suge Knight, and the Origins of the Los Angeles Police Scandal'' by Randall Sullivan, Publisher: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2002. ISBN 0871138387 pg 76</ref> Tupac has a half-sister, Sekyiwa, two years his junior, and an older step-brother, [[Mopreme]] "Komani" Shakur, who appeared on many of his recordings.
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'''Tupac Amaru Shakur''' (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names "[[2Pac]]" and briefly as "[[Makaveli]]", was an Africdan-American rapper and actor.  '''Shakur''' has sold over 75 million albums worldwide as of 2010, making him one of the best-selling music artists in the world.  [[MTV]] ranked him at number two on their list of The Greatest MCs of All Time and '''Rolling Stone''' named him the 86th Greatest Artist of All Time.  His double disc album '''"All Eyez on Me"''' is one of the best selling hip hop albums of all time.  '''Shakur''' began his career as a roadie, backup dancer, and MC for the alternative hip hop group [[Digital Underground]], eventually branching off as a solo artist. The themes of most of '''Shakur''''s songs revolved around the violence and hardship in inner cities, racism and other social problems. Both of his parents and several other of his family were members of the [[Black Panther Party]], whose ideals were reflected in his songs.  In late 1993, '''Shakur''' formed the group [[Thug Life]] with a number of his friends, including '''Big Syke''', '''Macadoshis''', his stepbrother '''Mopreme Shakur''', and '''Rated R'''.  The group released their only album '''"Thug Life: Volume 1"''' on September 26, 1994, which went gold.  The album featured the single ''"Pour Out a Little Liquor,"'' produced by '''Johnny "J" Jackson''', who went on to produce a large part of '''Shakur's''' album '''"All Eyez on Me"'''.  During the latter part of his career, '''Shakur''' was a vocal participant in the so-called East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry, becoming involved in conflicts with other rappers, producers and record-label staff members, most notably The [[Notorious B.I.G.]] and his label [[Bad Boy Records]].  In addition to rapping and hip hop music, '''Shakur''' acted in films.  He made his first film appearance in the motion picture '''Nothing But Trouble''', as part of a cameo by the [[Digital Underground]].  His first starring role was in the film '''Juice'''.  In this film, he played the character '''Roland Bishop''', a violent member of the ''"Wrecking Crew"'', for which he was hailed by '''Rolling Stone's''' Peter Travers as "the film's most magnetic figure."  He then went on to star with [[Janet Jackson]] in '''Poetic Justice''' and with '''Duane Martin''' in '''Above the Rim'''.  After his death, three of Shakur's completed films, '''Bullet, Gridlock'd''' and '''Gang Related''', were releasedOn '''September 7, 1996''', '''Shakur''' was shot multiple times in a drive-by shooting at the intersection of '''Flamingo Road''' and '''Koval Lane''' in [[Las Vegas]], [[Nevada]].  He was taken to the '''Southern Nevada University Medical Center''', where he died six days later.
  
At age 12, Shakur was enrolled in [[Harlem]]'s famous "[[127th Street Ensemble]]". His first major role with this acting troupe was as Travis in the play ''[[A Raisin in the Sun]]''.<!--expand if possible-->  In 1984, his family relocated to the [[Roland Park]] section of [[Baltimore]]. After his [[sophomore]] year he transferred from Paul Lawrence Dunbar High School to the [[Baltimore School for the Arts]], In school he was one of the most popular kids in his school because of his sense of humor and superior rapping skills, he mixed in with all crowds. One friend of Tupac, Dana "Mouse" Smith, was Tupac's beatbox in the many rap competitions that Tupac participated in. Shakur won the majority of the competitions he was in and was considered to be the best rapper in his school.  He also befriended a young [[Jada Pinkett Smith|Jada Pinkett]]. The two developed a close friendship. In one interview that appears on the documentary [[Tupac: Resurrection]], Shakur says, "Jada is my heart. She will be my friend for my whole life." Also in this documentary, Smith calls Shakur "one of my best friends. He was like a brother. It was beyond friendship for us. The type of relationship we had, you only get that once in a lifetime." In Tupac's book, ''The Rose That Grew From Concrete'', there is a poem written by Shakur titled "Jada" including another one titled "The Tears in Cupid's Eyes" which is dedicated to her. The two remained close friends until Shakur's death in 1996. At the School for the Arts, he studied [[acting]], [[poetry]], and [[jazz]], and , performing in [[Shakespeare]] plays and landing the role of the [[Mouse King]] in ''[[The Nutcracker]]''.<ref>''LAbyrinth'', pg 77</ref>
 
  
In June 1988, he and his family moved once again, this time to [[Marin City, California]], where Shakur continued to pursue his career in entertainment. At the age of 17, he moved out of his mother's house to seek his music career. In 1990 he was hired as a back-up dancer and roadie for up-and-coming rap group [[Digital Underground]]. His professional entertainment career began in early 1991, when he debuted his rap skills on the single "Same Song" from the group's album ''This is an EP Release''. Also in 1991, he appeared in the [[music video]] for "Same Song" and made a brief appearance as himself in the movie ''[[Nothing But Trouble]]''.
 
  
== Early career ==
 
[[Image:2pacalypse_now.schmiddy.jpg|200px|right|thumb|''2pacalypse Now'']]
 
  
In late 1991, after his rap debut, Tupac Shakur performed with Digital Underground again on the album ''[[Sons Of The P]]''. Later that year, he released his first solo album, ''[[2Pacalypse Now]]''. Initially he had trouble marketing his solo debut, but [[Interscope Records]] executives [[Ted Field]] and Tom Whalley eventually agreed to distribute the record.
 
  
Shakur claimed his first album was aimed at the problems facing young black males, but it was publicly criticized for its graphic language and images of violence by and against police.<ref name="RIAA">{{cite web|url=http://www.riaa.com/gp/bestsellers/topalbums.asp|title=Top 100 Albums|publisher=Recording Industry Association of America|date=[[2006-03-08]]|accessdate=2006-04-20}}</ref> In one incident, a young man claimed his killing of a Texas trooper was inspired by the album. Former Vice President [[Dan Quayle]] publicly denounced the album as having "no place in our society".  ''[[2Pacalypse Now]]'' did not do as well on the charts as future albums, spawning no top ten hits, and only being certified gold nearly 4 years later.<ref>Certified: 04/19/95 http://www.riaa.com/gp/database/search_results.asp Enter "2 Pacalypse Now"</ref>  His second album, ''[[Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z.]]'', was released in 1993. Heavily produced by [[Stretch (rapper)|Stretch]] and the [[Live Squad]], the album generated two hits, ''[[Keep Ya Head Up]]'' and ''[[I Get Around]]'', the latter featuring guest appearances by other members of the Digital Underground crew.
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==Videos==
  
== Acting career ==
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[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_m3B060jo_o To Live and Die in L.A.]
In addition to rapping, Shakur began acting in films. His first starring role was in the 1991 movie ''[[Juice (film)|Juice]]'', in which he was hailed by ''[[Rolling Stone]]'''s [[Peter Travers]] as "the film's most magnetic figure." He went on to star in ''[[Poetic Justice]]'' (with [[Janet Jackson]]), ''[[Above the Rim]]'', ''[[Gridlock'd]]'' (with [[Tim Roth]]), ''[[Bullet (film)|Bullet]]'', and ''[[Gang Related (film)|Gang Related]]''. He had also been slated to star in the Hughes brothers]' ''[[Menace II Society]]'' but was replaced by [[Larenz Tate]] after assaulting the directors. Director [[John Singleton]] claimed that he wrote the film ''[[Baby Boy (film)|Baby Boy]]'' with Shakur in mind for the leading role.<ref>[http://imdb.com/title/tt0255819/trivia Baby Boy Trivia] IMDB. URL last accessed [[May 17]], [[2006]]. </ref> It was eventually filmed with [[Tyrese Gibson]] in his place and released in 2001, five years after Shakur's death. The movie features a mural of Shakur in the protagonist's bedroom as well as featuring one of his songs.
 
  
=== Thug Life===
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[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HfXwmDGJAB8 Keep Ya Head Up]
In late 1993, Shakur formed the group [[Thug Life]] with a few of his friends, including [[Big Syke]], Macadoshis, his step-brother Mopreme Shakur, and Rated R. The group released their first and only album ''[[Thug Life: Thug Life Vol. 1]]'' on September 24, 1994.
 
  
== Legal issues ==
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[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BL6dWDfs5x8 2 of AmeirKaz Most Wanted (ft. [[Snoop Dogg]])]
  
Even as he garnered fame as a rapper and actor, Shakur gained notoriety for his conflicts with the law. On October of 1991 he filed a $10 million [[lawsuit]] against the Oakland Police Department, alleging they brutally beat him over a jaywalking incident.  The suit was later settled for $42,000.<ref>Jones, J., "Tupac Comes to Life for Bay Area Teens". Northgate News Online, U.C.-Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism. Nov. 18, 2003.  Retrieved from http://journalism.berkeley.edu/ngno/stories/001588.html on Apr. 9, 2006.</ref> <ref>D., Davey.  "Tupac Shakur: Online With Tupac" (Interview).  nd.  Retrieved from http://www.allhiphop.com/features/?ID=587 on Apr. 9, 2006.</ref>
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[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hZR1Ye6xg0 Hit em up]
  
In October 1993, in [[Atlanta, Georgia|Atlanta]], Shakur shot two off-duty police officers (one in the leg, one in the buttocks) that were harassing a black motorist.  Charges against Shakur were dismissed when it was discovered that both officers were intoxicated and were in possession of stolen weapons from an evidence locker during the incident.<ref>Smothers, R. "Rapper Charged in Shootings of Off-Duty Officers". New York Times. Nov. 2, 1993</ref>
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[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mb1ZvUDvLDY Dear Mama]
  
In December 1993, however, Shakur was charged with [[sexual abuse|sexually abusing]] a woman in his hotel room.  According to the complaint, Shakur [[Sodomy|sodomized]] the woman and then encouraged his friends to sexually abuse her.  Shakur vehemently denied the charges.  Tupac had prior relations days earlier with the woman who was pressing the charges against him.  She had performed oral sex on him on a club dance floor and the two had later had sex in his hotel room.  The allegations were made after she revisited his hotel room for the second time where she engaged in sexual activity with his friends and claimed Tupac's entourage had gang-raped her, saying to him while leaving, "How could you do this to me?"  Tupac states he had fallen asleep shortly after she arrived and later awoke to her accusations and legal threats. He later said he felt guilty for letting anything occur in the first place, and did not want anyone else to go to jail, but at the same time did not want to go to jail for a crime he didn't commit.  On [[February 14]], [[1995]], he was sentenced to four and a half years in prison for [[sexual assault]]; specifically, the conviction offense was for "sexual abuse (forcibly touching the buttocks)." There was no semen found at the scene. There was no liable evidence for Tupac to get sentenced. Many people think it was a "rape case" because the media put it all over the papers. One of the men who Tupac was with while in his hotel room once worked for the U.S. Government and was charged many times but never went to jail. This led to many Tupac fans to believe it was a set-up by the U.S. Government simply because Tupac would widely speak out against the Government. Tupac once stated about the trial "It's not even about me no more, its just about loud rap music"
 
  
In 1994, he was convicted of attacking a former employer while on a music video set.  He was sentenced to 15 days in jail with additional days on a highway work crew, community service, and a $2000 fine.  In 1995, a wrongful death lawsuit was brought against Shakur in the 1992 shooting of 6-year old Qa'id Walker-Teal of Marin City, CA. The child had been the victim of a stray bullet in a shootout between Tupac's entourage and a rival group, though the bullet was not from Tupac's gun. Criminal charges were not sought, and Shakur settled with the family for an amount estimated between $300,000 and $500,000.<ref>"Marin slaying case against rapper opens", San Francisco Chronicle, Nov. 3, 1995</ref> <ref>"Settlement in Rapper's Trial for Boy's Death". San Francisco Chronicle. Nov. 8, 1995.</ref>  After serving part of his sentence on the sexual abuse conviction, he was released on bail pending his appeal.  On April 5, 1996, a judge sentenced him to serve 120 days in jail for violating terms of probation.<ref>"Rapper Is Sentenced To 120 Days in Jail".  New York Times.  April 5, 1996.</ref>
 
  
== The November 30, 1994 shooting ==
 
  
On the night of [[November 30]], [[1994]], the day before the verdict in his sexual abuse trial was to be announced, Shakur was shot five times in the lobby of the Quad Recording Studios in [[Manhattan, NY|Manhattan]] by two black men in an apparent robbery attempt. He would later accuse Puff Daddy and Notorious B.I.G. whom he saw after the shooting of setting him up.  According to the doctors at Bellevue Hospital, where he was admitted immediately following the incident, Shakur was shot 5 times.  He checked out of the hospital, against doctor's orders, three hours after surgery.  The day following the incident, [[December 1]], [[1994]], Shakur entered the courthouse in a wheelchair and was found guilty of [[sodomy]] (forcibly touching the buttocks).
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==Discography==
  
==Prison sentence==
 
  
[[Image:Tupac-mugshot.jpg<!-- FAIR USE of Tupac-mugshot.jpg: see image description page at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Tupac-mugshot.jpg for rationale -->|right|thumb|Tupac in a police [[mug shot|mugshot]] ([[March 8]], [[1995]])]]
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'''Studio Albums'''
Shakur began serving his [[prison]] sentence at [[Clinton Correctional Facility]] in February 1995.  Shortly afterwards, he released his multi-platinum album ''[[Me Against the World]]''.  Shakur is the only artist ever to have an album at number one on the charts while serving a prison sentence.<ref>"Timeline: 25 Years of Rap Records".  BBC News.  Oct. 11, 2004.  Retrieved on Apr. 10, 2006, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/3734910.stm</ref>  He married his long-time girlfriend, Keisha Morris, while serving his sentence.  This marriage was later [[annulment|annulled]]. While in prison Tupac read many books by [[Niccolo Machiavelli]], [[Sun Tzu]]'s ''[[The Art of War]]'' and other works of [[political philosophy]] and [[strategy]].<ref>Au, W. J. "Yo, Niccolo!".  Dec 11, 1996. Salon.com.  Retrieved on April 10, 2006, from http://archive.salon.com/media/media2961211.html</ref>
 
He also wrote a [[screenplay]] titled [[Live 2 Tell]] while incarcerated.
 
  
In September 1995, Shakur was released on [[bail]] after serving eleven months of his 4 year sentence<ref>Info from www.alleyezonme.com, from http://www.alleyezonme.com/2pacarticles/tupacshakur/22/Government_Theory.html</ref>, due in large part to the help and influence of [[Suge Knight|Marion "Suge" Knight]], [[CEO]] of [[Death Row Records]].  Knight posted $1.4 million bail pending appeal of the conviction, in exchange for which Shakur was obligated to release three albums for the [[Death Row]] label.<ref>"Biography: Suge Knight". AOL Music. nd.  Retrieved on Apr. 10, 2006, from http://music.aol.com/artist/main.adp?tab=bio&artistid=279843&albumid=0</ref>
 
  
==Post-prison/Death Row Records==
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1991: 2Pacalypse Now
  
[[Image:Pacsnoopsuge.jpg|left|300px|thumb|Image of Tupac, [[Snoop Doggy Dogg]], and [[Suge Knight]] during Tupac's tenure on [[Death Row Records]]. (1996)]]
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1993: Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z.
After his release from prison, Shakur immediately went back to work recording. He began a new group, [[The Outlawz]], and with them released the notorious diss track "[[Hit 'Em Up]]", a scathing lyrical attack on the [[Notorious B.I.G]] (Christopher Wallace) and others associated with him. In the track, Shakur claims to have had sex with [[Faith Evans]], Wallace's wife at the time, and attacks his street cred. Though there is no hard evidence suggesting that they did, Tupac was convinced that Wallace and Sean "Puffy" Combs had known about the shooting beforehand based on their behavior that night and what his sources told him.  
 
  
Shakur aligned himself with Death Row Records CEO [[Suge Knight]], who was already bitter toward Combs and his successful [[Bad Boy Records|Bad Boy]] label; this added fuel to the building East-West feud. Wallace and Shakur would remain bitter enemies until Shakur's death.
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1995: Me Against the World
  
In February 1996, Shakur released his fourth solo album, ''[[All Eyez on Me]]''.  This double album was the first and second of his three-album commitment to Death Row Records.  It sold over 9 million copies.<ref>[http://www.alleyezonme.com/interviews/5.phtml Davey D Interview with 2Pac], KMEL Beat Report, 1991</ref> The album was a general departure from the introspective subject matter of ''Me Against the World'', being more oriented toward a thug and gangsta mentality. Shakur continued his recordings despite increasing problems at the Death Row label.  [[Dr. Dre]] left his post as house producer to form his own label, [[Aftermath]].  CEO Suge Knight was under investigation for illegal and unethical activities and business practices.  Despite these problems, Shakur produced hundreds of tracks during his time at Death Row, most of which would be released on posthumous albums such as ''[[Better Dayz]]'' and ''[[Until the End of Time]]''.  He also began the process of recording an album with the [[Boot Camp Clik]] and their label Duck Down Records, both New York-based, entitled ''One Nation''. The goal of this project was to bring closure to the East Coast-West Coast feud by bringing together what Shakur thought were the best rappers from both coasts. This project remains unreleased, though some of Tupac's contributions to the album have been used in various other posthumous releases.
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1996: All Eyez on Me
  
By the end of his life, Tupac was in the middle of starting his film development company [[Euphanasia]], and was going to start writing and directing films. Tupac wanted to host concerts that would be free for students who get a C or above, and wanted to build community centers and start baseball and football leagues for inner-city children. Tupac and [[Johnny "J"]] were starting up [[24/7 Productions]] and Tupac was starting up [[Non-Stop Productions]]. [[Thug Passion]] was a drink that Tupac was planning on bottling and selling; the song "Thug Passion" was made to be a theme song for the drink. Tupac was going to step back from rapping by releasing albums every five years or so on his new record label, [[Makaveli Records]], which would have been distributed by [[Death Row Records]].Tupac and Suge Knight were in the process of expanding Death Row to the East, establishing a Death Row East.  Tupac died before this could be fulfilled.
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1996: The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
  
===Makaveli===
 
  
While in prison Tupac read many books by [[Niccolò Machiavelli]] (which inspired his later use of the name "Makaveli". The album ''[[The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory]]'', released under Tupac's pseudonym "Makaveli", presents a stark contrast to previous works.  In ''The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory'', Tupac continued focusing on the themes of pain and aggression, making this album one of the emotionally darker works of his career. Tupac wrote and recorded all the lyrics in only 3 days and the production took another 4 days, combining for a total of 7 days to complete the album (hence the name). The album was completely finished before Tupac died and Tupac had complete creative input on the album from the name of the album to the cover which Tupac chose to symbolize how the media has crucified him. Tupac had plans of starting [[Makaveli Records]] which would have included the [[Wu-Tang Clan]], [[The Outlawz]], [[Big Daddy Kane]], [[Big Syke]], and [[Gangstarr]].
 
  
== The Fatal September 7, 1996 shooting ==
 
[[Image:tupac4.jpg|frame|Photo of Tupac and Suge Knight moments before shooting.]]
 
  
On [[September 7]], [[1996]], Shakur attended the [[Mike Tyson]]-[[Bruce Seldon]] [[boxing]] match at the [[MGM Grand]] in Las Vegas.  After the boxing match, Shakur spotted 21 year-old [[Orlando Anderson|Orlando "Baby Lane" Anderson]], a member of the [[Crips|Southside Crips]] in the [[MGM Grand]] lobby. Shakur rushed him and knocked Anderson down, and Shakur's entourage beat him.  The incident was captured on the hotel's video surveillance.  Anderson and a group of [[Crips]] had beaten up a member of Death Row's entourage in a [[Foot Locker]] a few weeks earlier, precipitating Shakur's attack.  After the fight with Anderson, Shakur met up with [[Suge Knight]] to go to Death Row-owned Club 662 (now known as restaurant/club Seven).  Shakur rode with Knight in Knight's 1996 black [[BMW 7 Series|BMW 750i]] sedan (Images [http://users.pandora.be/md-11/tupac/images/text/beamershots.jpg 1],[http://www.rts.sn/2pac/Tupac_meurtre.jpg 2]), as part of a larger convoy of cars including some of Shakur's friends, [[The Outlawz]], and bodyguards.
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'''Collaboration Albums'''
  
At 11:14 P.M., while stopped at the intersection of East Flamingo Road and Koval Lane, Shakur was shot in a [[drive-by shooting]].  Shakur was hit four times, twice in the chest, and once each in his arm and thigh, while Knight was scratched in the head by a piece of flying glass.
 
  
At the time of the shooting, Shakur was riding alongside with Suge Knight, with his bodyguard following behind in a vehicle belonging to Kidada Jones, Shakur's then-girlfriend. The bodyguard, Frank Alexander, stated that while he was about to ride along with the rapper in Suge Knight's car, Shakur asked him to drive Kidada Jones' car in case they were too drunk and needed additional vehicles from Club 662 back to the hotel. Shortly after the shootings, the bodyguard reported in his documentary, Before I Wake, that one of the convoy's car drove off after the assailant but he never heard back from the occupants.
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1991: This Is an EP Release (with [[Digital Underground]])
  
After arriving on the scene, police and paramedics took Shakur and Knight to the [[University Medical Center, Las Vegas|University Medical Center]].  Shakur was placed on [[life support]] until his death six days later, on [[September 13]], [[1996]], at 4:03 PM [[EDT]]. He was 25 years old.  The official cause of death was respiratory failure and [[cardiac arrest]].  After his death, Shakur's body was [[cremate]]d.  Family and friends reportedly spread his ashes over the [[Pacific Ocean]] near [[Los Angeles|Los Angeles, CA]].
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1991: Sons of the P (with [[Digital Underground]])
  
=== Theories of the crime ===
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1994: Thug Life: Volume 1 (with [[Thug Life]])
 +
  
Although no one has ever been formally charged, nor publicly identified by the police as a suspect, police sources have indicated they believe that Anderson (who has since been murdered himself)}. Officers in the [[Compton, California|Compton, CA]] Police Department Gang Unit claimed the Crips were bragging about the killing soon after Anderson returned from Las Vegas.  Officers further indicated they were disappointed with the lack of initiative shown by the [[Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department]] in pursuing Shakur's killer(s).
 
  
Due largely to the perceived lack of progress on the case by law enforcement, many independent investigations and theories of the crime have emerged. Because of the acrimony between Christopher Wallace (aka [[The Notorious B.I.G.]]) and Shakur, there was speculation about the possibility of Wallace's involvement in the murder from the outset.  Wallace vehemently denied involvement.  However, in a notable 2002 investigation by the [[Los Angeles Times]], writer Chuck Phillips claimed to have uncovered evidence implicating Wallace in the murder.<ref>"Paper investigates rapper murder". BBC News.  Sep. 6, 2002.  Retrieved on Apr. 10, 2006, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/2240857.stm</ref>  In the article, Phillips quoted unnamed gang-member sources who claimed Wallace had ties to the Crips, often hiring them for security during West Coast appearances. Phillips' informants also state that Wallace gave the gang members one of his own guns for use in the attack on Shakur, and that he put out a $1 million contract on Tupac's life.  By the time Phillips' specific allegations were published, however, Wallace himself had been murdered.<ref>"Fresh probe over rapper's murder". BBC News. Matc, 18, 2006.  Retrieved on Apr. 10, 2006, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4820224.stm</ref>
 
  
Wallace's family and associates have vehemently denied Wallace's involvement in Shakur's death.<ref>"Rapper's family denies murder theory". BBC News. Sep. 9, 2002. Retrieved on Apr. 10, 2006, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/2246862.stm</ref>  In support of their claims, Wallace's family submitted documentation to MTV indicating that Wallace was working in a New York recording studio the night of Shakur's murder.  Wallace's manager Wayne Barrow and rapper James "Lil Cease" Lloyd made public announcements denying Wallace's involvement in the murder and claiming further that they were both with Wallace in the recording studio the night of the shooting.
+
'''Posthumous Solo Albums'''
  
The high profile nature of the killing and ensuing gang violence caught the attention of British filmmaker [[Nick Broomfield]] who made the documentary [[Biggie & Tupac]], which examines the lack of progress in the case by speaking to those close to Wallace, Shakur, and the investigation.  Shakur's close childhood friend and member of the [[Outlawz]], [[Yaki Kadafi|Yafeu "Yaki Kadafi" Fula]], was in the convoy when the shooting happened and indicated to police that he might be able to identify the assailants.  He was killed shortly thereafter in a housing project in [[Irvington, New Jersey]].<ref>Jones, S. "The Truth is Being Covered Up".  Philadelphia Weekly. Sep. 18, 2002.</ref>
 
  
It was believed by many listeners that in the first few seconds of the album ''[[The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory]]'', one could hear a voice saying "Suge shot me," or "Suge shot 'em", closer listening indicates that the words are "Should'a shot me" (You should have shot me), directed towards his enemies at the time.  This, along with reports of [[Suge Knight|Knight]]'s strong-arm tactics with artists and other illegal/unethical business tactics including involvement with the Mob Piru Bloods street gang gave rise to a theory that Knight was complicit in Shakur's murder, as it was reported that Suge Knight owed Tupac up to seventeen million dollars in back royalties, but no evidence has been provided to support this theory.{{citation needed}}
+
1996: The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory
  
Other theories have been put forth, including a theory that Shakur is alive and well, but in hiding.  Many supporters of these theories point to the symbolism in Shakur's ''The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory'' album and in the video for the single "I Ain't Mad at Cha".
+
1997: R U Still Down? (Remember Me)
  
==Style and influences==
+
2001: Until the End of Time
{{Unreferencedsect}}
 
[[Image:TupacShakurAllEyezonMe.jpg|100px|left|frame|''[[All Eyez on Me]],'' Shakur's classic 1996 album]]
 
Shakur's first album, ''[[2Pacalypse Now]],'' revealed the socially conscious side of Tupac.  On this album Shakur attacked social injustice, poverty and police brutality on songs like "Brenda's Got a Baby," "Trapped" and "Part Time Mutha."  His style on this album was heavily influenced by the social consciousness and Afrocentrism pervading hip-hop in the late 1980's and early 1990's.  On this initial release, Shakur helped extend the legacy of rap groups like [[Boogie Down Productions]], [[Public Enemy]], [[X-Clan]], and even [[Grandmaster Flash]], as he became one of the first major socially conscious rappers from the West Coast.
 
  
On his second album, Shakur continued to rap about the social ills facing African-Americans, with songs like "The Streetz R Deathrow" and "Last Wordz."  He also showed his compassionate side with the inspirational anthem "Keep Ya Head Up," while simultaneously putting his legendary aggressiveness on display with the title track from the album, ''[[Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z.]]''  He even added a salute to his former group [[Digital Underground]] by including them on the playful track "I Get Around."  Throughout his career, an increasingly aggressive attitude can be seen pervading Shakur's subsequent albums.
+
2002: Better Dayz
  
The contradictory themes of social inequality and injustice, unbridled aggression, compassion, playfulness, and hope all continued to shape Shakur's work, as witnessed with the release of his incendiary 1995 album ''[[Me Against the World]].''  Few albums represent the perfect storm of street wisdom, intelligence and the sea of conflicting emotions that is Tupac Shakur better than his 1996 release, the critically acclaimed ''[[All Eyez on Me]].''  With several tracks considered classics, including "I Ain't Mad at Cha", "California Love (RMX) [Remix]" and "Picture Me Rollin'," many critics consider this album to be not only Shakur's best, but one of the crown jewels of 1990's rap.
+
2004: Loyal to the Game
  
 +
2006: Pac's Life
  
Shakur's work has influenced many modern rap artists.  Artists like [[Eminem]] and [[50 Cent]] freely admit his influence on their work.  Still others, like [[DMX]], have been compared to Shakur based on their style and public persona.
 
<!--You know what/This is not necessary.  The (Remix) in the name says all of this in one single word.  "**Note, the original verion of California Love does not appear on All Eyez On Me. The version appearing on All Eyez On Me is a remixed version with a different beat. The original version can be found on 2Pac: Greatet Hits (1998)" -->
 
  
==Legacy==
 
[[Image:tupac1.jpg|left|frame|''[[Tupac: Resurrection]]'']]
 
  
To preserve Shakur's legacy, his mother founded the Shakur Family Foundation (later re-named the Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation or TASF) in 1997.  The TASF's stated mission is to "provide training and support for students who aspire to enhance their creative talents."  The TASF sponsors essay contests, [[charity]] events, a [[performing arts]] day camp for teenagers and undergraduate scholarships.  The Foundation officially opened the Tupac Amaru Shakur Center for the Arts (TASCA) in [[Stone Mountain, Georgia]] on June 11, 2005.
 
  
On [[November 14]], [[2003]], a documentary about Shakur entitled ''[[Tupac: Resurrection]]'', was released under the supervision of his mother and narrated entirely in his voice. The movie was nominated for "[[Academy Award for Documentary Feature|Best Documentary]]" in the [[2005 Academy Awards]]. Proceeds will go to a charity set up by Afeni Shakur.
 
  
On [[April 17]], [[2003]], [[Harvard University]] co-sponsored an academic symposium entitled "All Eyez on Me: Tupac Shakur and the Search for the Modern Folk Hero."  The speakers discussed a wide range of topics dealing with Shakur's impact on everything from entertainment to sociology.<ref>Gewertz, K.  "Symposium analyzes, celebrates 'Thug'".  Harvard University Gazette.  April 24, 2003.  Retrieved from http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2003/04.24/11-hiphop.html on April 16, 2006.</ref>
+
'''Posthumous Collaboration Albums'''
  
Many of the speakers discussed Shakur's status and public persona, including [[State University of New York]] English professor Mark Anthony Neal, who gave the talk "Thug Nigga Intellectual:  Tupac as Celebrity Gramscian" in which he argued that Shakur was an example of the "organic intellectual" expressing the concerns of a larger group<ref>Neal, M.  "Thug Nigga Intellectual: Tupac as Celebrity Gramscian".  Harvard University.  2003.</ref>. Professor Neal has also indicated in his writings that the death of Shakur has left a "leadership void amongst hip-hop artists." <ref>Neal, M.  "New Black Man".  Retrieved on April 16, 2006, from http://newblackman.blogspot.com/2005/09/race-ing-katrina.html</ref>  Neal further describes Tupac as a "walking contradiction", a status that allowed him to "make being an intellectual accessible to ordinary people."
 
  
Professor of Communications Murray Forman, of [[Northeastern University, Boston|Northeastern University]], spoke of the [[mythology|mythical]] status surrounding Shakur's life and death.  He addressed the [[symbolism]] and mythology surrounding Shakur's death in his talk entitled "Tupac Shakur:  O.G. (Ostensibly Gone)".  Among his findings were that Shakur's fans have "succeeded in resurrecting Tupac as an ethereal life force."  <ref>Forman, M.  "Tupac Shakur: O.G. (Ostensibly Gone)".  Harvard University.  2003.</ref>
+
1999: Still I Rise (with [[Outlawz]])
  
In "From Thug Life to Legend: Realization of a Black Folk Hero", Professor of Music at Northeastern University, Emmett Price, compared Shakur's public image to that of the trickster-figures of African-American folklore which gave rise to the urban "bad-man" persona of the post-slavery period.  He ultimately described Shakur as a "prolific artist" who was "driven by a terrible sense of urgency" in a quest to "unify mind, body, and spirit."  <ref>Price, E.  "From Thug Life to Legend: Realization of a Black Folk Hero".  Harvard University. 2003.</ref>
 
  
Michael Dyson, University of Pennsylvania Avalon Professor of Humanities and African American Studies and author of the book ''Holler If You Hear Me: Searching for Tupac Shakur'' <ref name="m dyson holler">Dyson, M.  ''Holler If You Hear Me:  Searching for Tupac Shakur''.  BasicCivitas Books. 2001.</ref>, indicated that Shakur "spoke with brilliance and insight as someone who bears witness to the pain of those who would never have his platform. He told the truth, even as he struggled with the fragments of his identity."<ref name="m dyson holler">Dyson, M.  "Holler If You Hear Me".  Harvard University.  2003.</ref>
 
  
At one Harvard Conference the theme was Shakur's impact on entertainment, race relations, politics and the "hero/martyr".<ref>[http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2003/04.24/11-hiphop.html  Harvard Gazette] May 1, 2003 edition, writer Ken Gewertz</ref>
 
  
The [[University of California, Berkeley]] introduced a new course in 1998 called "History '98: Poetry and History of Tupac Shakur."<ref>Jones, Q.  ''Tupac Shakur''.  Vibe Ventures.  1998.</ref>
+
'''Compilation Albums'''
  
On July 9th, 2006 [[Comedy Central]] aired the unreleased Dave Chappelle skits entitled, [[Chappelle's Show: The Lost Episodes]], and the last skit of the episode examined the ongoing relevance of Tupac's music.<ref>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezrjYVWHhQY&eurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Evibe%2Ecom%2Fnews%2Fnews%5Fheadlines%2F2006%2F07%2Fdave%5Fchappelles%5Ftupac%5Fskit%2F ''Lost Episode Skit''], YouTube video</ref>
 
  
==Awards==
+
1998: Greatest Hits
  
Since his death, Tupac's body of work remains highly regarded by his fans and entertainment industry insiders alike.  Here are some of the industry and fan awards Tupac has received for his work:
+
2003: Tupac Resurrection
*Tupac was inducted into the Hip-Hop Hall of Fame in 2002. <ref>[http://www.bet.com/Music/Archives/BET.com+-+Notorious+B.I.G._+Tupac+Shakur+To+Be+Inducted+Into+Hip-Hop+Hall+Of+Fame+152.htm BET.com - Notorious B.I.G., Tupac Shakur To Be Inducted Into Hip-Hop Hall Of Fame]</ref>
+
*In 2003, MTV's "22 Greatest MCs" countdown listed Tupac as the "number 1 MC", as voted by the viewers. <ref>MTV2 Presents: 22 Greatest MC's broadcast July 2003</ref>
 
*In 2004, a [[Vibe|VIBE magazine]] poll rated Tupac "the greatest [[rapper]] of all time" as voted by fans.
 
*In 2005, Top Soundtrack Song of the Year: "Runnin' (Dying To Live)" from [[Tupac: Resurrection]] by Tupac featuring The Notorious B.I.G. at the 18th Annual [SCAP Rhythm and Soul Music Awards
 
*Also in 2005, MTV listed Tupac's ''[[The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory]]'' (released under the pseudonym "Makaveli") as one of the "Top 10 Greatest Hip-Hop Albums of All Time."
 
  
== Discography ==
 
==Albums==
 
=== Studio albums ===
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
!align="left"|Album cover
 
!align="left" width="650"|Album information
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:2pacalypse now.schmiddy.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[2Pacalypse Now]]'''''
 
*Released: [[November 12]] [[1991]]
 
*Chart Position: - #64
 
*RIAA Certification: Gold
 
*Singles: "Brenda's Got a Baby", "If My Homie Calls", "Trapped"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:2pac strictly.schmiddy.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z.]]'''''
 
*Released: [[February 16]] [[1993]]
 
*Chart Position: - #24
 
*RIAA Certification: Platinum
 
*Singles: "Keep Ya Head Up", "I Get Around", "Holla If Ya' Hear Me"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Thug life cover.schmiddy.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Thug Life: Thug Life Vol. 1]]'''''
 
*Released: [[September 26]] [[1994]]
 
*Chart Positions: - #6
 
*RIAA Certification: Gold
 
*Singles: "Papa'z Song", "Cradle to the Grave", "Pour Out a Little Liquor"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:TupacShakurMeAgainsttheWorld.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Me Against the World]]'''''
 
*Released: [[February 17]] [[1995]]
 
*Chart Positions: - #1
 
*RIAA Certification: 2x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Dear Mama", "Temptations", "So Many Tears"
 
|-
 
|[[Image:TupacShakurAllEyezonMe.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[All Eyez on Me]]'''''
 
*Released: [[February 13]] [[1996]]
 
*Chart Positions: - #1
 
*RIAA Certification: 9x Platinum
 
*Singles: "California Love", "How Do You Want It", "I Ain't Mad at Cha", "2 of Amerikaz Most Wanted"
 
|-
 
|[[Image:2Pac Makaveli-The Don Killuminati front.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory]]'''''
 
*Released: [[November 5]] [[1996]]
 
*Chart Positions: - #1
 
*RIAA Certification: 7x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Toss It Up", "Hail Mary", "To Live & Die in LA"
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
=== Albums released without Tupac's creative influence ===
+
==Links==
{| class="wikitable"
 
!align="left"|Album cover
 
!align="left" width="650"|Album information
 
|-
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Rustill.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[R U Still Down? (Remember Me)]]'''''
 
*Released: [[November 25]] [[1997]]
 
*Chart Position: - #2
 
*RIAA Certification: 5x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Do For Love", "I Wonder If Heaven Got A Ghetto"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Still I Rise.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Still I Rise]]'''''
 
*Released: [[December 19]] [[1999]]
 
*Chart Position: - #6
 
*RIAA Certification: 2x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Baby Don't Cry"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Untiltheend.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Until the End of Time]]'''''
 
*Released: [[March 27]] [[2001]]
 
*Chart Position: - #1
 
*RIAA Certification: 4x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Letter 2 My Unborn", "Until The End Of Time"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Beterdayz.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Better Dayz]]'''''
 
*Released: [[November 26]] [[2002]]
 
*Chart Position: - #5
 
*RIAA Certification: 3x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Thugz Mansion", "Still Ballin'"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:2Pac Loyal to the Game.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Loyal to the Game]]'''''
 
*Released: [[December 14]] [[2004]]
 
*Chart Position: - #1
 
*RIAA Certification: Platinum
 
*Singles: "Thugz Get Lonely Too", "Ghetto Gospel"
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
=== Soundtracks, Remixes, Poetry, Live, and Greatest Hits Albums===
+
[https://twitter.com/2pac Official Twitter Page]
{| class="wikitable"
 
!align="left"|Album cover
 
!align="left" width="650"|Album information
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Gridlockd(OST).jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Gridlock'd (OST)]]'''''
 
*Released: [[January 17]] [[1997]]
 
*Chart Position: -
 
*RIAA Certification: -
 
*Singles: "Wanted Dead Or Alive"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:2PacGreatestHits.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Greatest Hits (2Pac album)|Greatest Hits]]'''''
 
*Released: [[November 24]] [[1998]]
 
*Chart Position: - #2
 
*RIAA Certification: 9x Platinum
 
*Singles: "Changes", "Unconditional Love"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Rosethatgrewfromconcrete.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[The Rose that Grew from Concrete]]'''''
 
*Released: [[October 17]] [[2000]]
 
*Chart Position: - #89
 
*RIAA Certification: -
 
*Singles: -
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Mixx.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Nu-Mixx Klazzics]]'''''
 
*Released: [[October 7]] [[2003]]
 
*Chart Position: - #15
 
*RIAA Certification: Gold
 
*Singles: -
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Resurrectionjopfas.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Tupac: Resurrection (Original Soundtrack)]]'''''
 
*Released: [[November 11]] [[2003]]
 
*Chart Position: - #2
 
*RIAA Certification: Platinum
 
*Singles: "Runnin' (Dying To Live)", "One Day At A Time"
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:2pac live.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[2Pac Live]]'''''
 
*Released: [[August 6]] [[2004]]
 
*Chart Position: - #54
 
*RIAA Certification: -
 
*Singles -
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Rosev2cover.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[The Rose, Vol. 2]]'''''
 
*Released: [[September 20]] [[2005]]
 
*Chart Positions: -
 
*RIAA Certification: -
 
*Singles -
 
|-
 
|align="left"|[[Image:Houseofblues.jpg|left|120px]]
 
|align="left"|'''''[[Live at the House of Blues (Tupac)|Live at the House of Blues]]'''''
 
*Released: [[October 3]] [[2005]]
 
*Chart Position: - #159
 
*RIAA Certification: - Platinum
 
*Singles -
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
==Singles==
+
[http://www.2pac.com/ Official Page]
 
+
[[Category:MCs]]
{| class="wikitable"
+
[[Category:Artists]]
! width="28" rowspan="2"| Year
 
! width="214" rowspan="2"| Title
 
! colspan="4"| Chart Positions
 
|-
 
 
 
! width="86"| <small>[[Billboard Hot 100|U.S. Hot 100]]</small>
 
! width="86"| <small>[[R&B/Hip-Hop Tracks chart|U.S. R&B/Hip-Hop]]</small>
 
! width="86"| <small>[[Rap Tracks chart|U.S. Rap]]</small>
 
! width="86"| <small>[[UK Singles Chart]]</small>
 
 
 
|-
 
| [[1991 in music|1991]]
 
| "Brenda's Got A Baby"
 
| #11
 
| #23
 
| #3
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1992 in music|1992]]
 
| "Trapped"
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1992 in music|1992]]
 
| "If My Homie Calls"
 
| -
 
| -
 
| #3
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1993 in music|1993]]
 
| "Keep Ya Head Up"
 
| #12
 
| #7
 
| #2
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1993 in music|1993]]
 
| "I Get Around" <br />''(featuring Digital Underground)
 
| #11
 
| #5
 
| #8
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1993 in music|1993]]
 
| "Papa'z Song" <br />''(with Thug Life)
 
| #87
 
| #82
 
| #24
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1993 in music|1993]]
 
| "Holla If Ya Hear Me"
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1994 in music|1994]]
 
| "Cradle To The Grave" <br />''(with Thug Life)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1994 in music|1994]]
 
| "Pour Out A Little Liquor" <br />''(with Thug Life)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1995 in music|1995]]
 
| "Dear Mama"
 
| #9
 
| #3
 
| '''#1'''
 
| #27
 
|-
 
| [[1995 in music|1995]]
 
| "So Many Tears"
 
| #44
 
| #21
 
| #6
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1995 in music|1995]]
 
| "Temptations"
 
| #68
 
| #35
 
| #13
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1996 in music|1996]]
 
| "California Love" <br />''(featuring Dr. Dre)
 
| '''#1'''
 
| '''#1'''
 
| '''#1'''
 
| #6
 
|-
 
| [[1996 in music|1996]]
 
| "2 Of Amerikaz Most Wanted" <br />''(featuring Snoop Dogg)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1996 in music|1996]]
 
| "How Do U Want It" <br />''(featuring K-Ci and JoJo)
 
| '''#1'''
 
| '''#1'''
 
| '''#1'''
 
| #17
 
|-
 
| [[1996 in music|1996]]
 
| "I Ain't Mad At Cha" <br />''(featuring Danny Boy)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1996 in music|1996]]
 
| "Toss It Up" <br />''(featuring Danny Boy, K-Ci and JoJo)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1997 in music|1997]]
 
| "To Live & Die In LA" (as Makaveli)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1997 in music|1997]]
 
| "Hail Mary" (as Makaveli)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[1997 in music|1997]]
 
| "Wanted Dead Or Alive" <br />''(featuring Snoop Dogg)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| #16
 
|-
 
| [[1997 in music|1997]]
 
| "I Wonder If Heaven Got A Ghetto"
 
| #67
 
| #14
 
| #18
 
| #21
 
|-
 
| [[1997 in music|1997]]
 
| "Do For Love"
 
| #21
 
| #10
 
| #2
 
| #12
 
|-
 
| [[1998 in music|1998]]
 
| "Changes"
 
| #5
 
| #3
 
| #3
 
| #3
 
|-
 
| [[1999 in music|1999]]
 
| "Unconditional Love"
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[2000 in music|2000]]
 
| "Baby Don't Cry" <br />''(with Tha Outlawz)
 
| #72
 
| #36
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[2001 in music|2001]]
 
| "Until The End Of Time"
 
| #52
 
| #21
 
| -
 
| #4
 
|-
 
| [[2001 in music|2001]]
 
| "Letter 2 My Unborn"
 
| -
 
| #64
 
| #10
 
| #21
 
|-
 
| [[2002 in music|2002]]
 
| "Thugz Mansion" <br />''(featuring Nas)
 
| #19
 
| #10
 
| #4
 
| #24
 
|-
 
| [[2003 in music|2003]]
 
| "Still Ballin'" <br />''(featuring Trick Daddy)
 
| #69
 
| #31
 
| #15
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[2003 in music|2003]]
 
| "Runnin' (Dying to Live)" <br />''(featuring The Notorious B.I.G.)
 
| #19
 
| #11
 
| #5
 
| #17
 
|-
 
| [[2003 in music|2003]]
 
| "One Day At A Time" <br />''(featuring Eminem and Tha Outlawz)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[2004 in music|2004]]
 
| "Thugs Get Lonely Too" <br />''(featuring Nate Dogg)
 
| #98
 
| #55
 
| -
 
| -
 
|-
 
| [[2005 in music|2005]]
 
| "Ghetto Gospel" <br />''(featuring Elton John)
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| '''#1'''
 
|}
 
 
 
[[Category:Discographies]]
 
 
 
==Samples==
 
{{multi-listen start}}
 
{{multi-listen item|filename=Tupac - Changes.ogg|title="Changes"|description=Arguably one of Tupac's most famous and influential songs, "[[Changes (Tupac song)|Changes]]", from his album [[Greatest Hits (Tupac album)|Greatest Hits]], released posthumously in 1998|format=[[Ogg]]}}
 
{{multi-listen item|filename=Ghetto Gospel.ogg|title="Ghetto Gospel"|description="[[Ghetto Gospel]]", a recent song featuring [[Elton John]] on the chorus.|format=[[Ogg]]}}
 
{{multi-listen item|filename=Hit 'Em Up.ogg|title="Hit 'Em Up"|description= In "[[Hit 'Em Up]]," one of Tupac's more famous "diss songs", he attacked foe rapper [[The Notorious B.I.G.]] and [[Bad Boy Records|Bad Boy]] members including [[Lil' Kim]], [[Faith Evans]], [[Mobb Deep]], and [[Chino XL]]. '''Warning: contains explicit language'''.|format=[[Ogg]]}}
 
{{multi-listen end}}
 
 
 
=Filmography=
 
{{wikify-date|May 2006}}
 
*''[[Nothing But Trouble]]'' (1991), (brief appearance as self), directed by Dan Aykroyd
 
*''[[Juice (film)]]'' (1992)
 
*''[[Poetic Justice]]'' (1993)
 
*''[[Above the Rim]]'' (1994)
 
*''[[Bullet (film)|Bullet]]'' (1996)
 
*''[[Gridlock'd]]'' (1997)
 
*''[[Gang Related (film)|Gang Related]]'' (1997)
 
*''[[Tupac: Resurrection]]'' (2003)
 
*''[[Live 2 Tell]]'' (2006) as screenwriter (currently in pre-production)
 
 
 
==Performances==
 
*"Whatta Man" (1994),  Music video, won Best Dance Video, Best R&B Video and Best Choreography at the 11th annual MTV Video Music Awards
 
*''[[Live at the House Of Blues]]'' (2005) Live
 
 
 
==Unofficial Documentaries==
 
*''[[Tupac Shakur: Thug Angel: The Life of an Outlaw]]'' (2001) documentary
 
*''[[Biggie & Tupac]]'' (2002) documentary
 
 
 
==Poetry books==
 
*''The Rose That Grew From Concrete'' (1999) ISBN 0671028448
 
*''Inside a Thug's Heart'' (2004) ISBN 0758207891
 
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[Tupac Shakur Timeline]]
 
*[[Túpac Amaru II]]
 
*[[The Outlawz]]
 
*[[Thug Life]]
 
*[[Afeni Shakur]] (Tupac's mother)
 
*[[Assata Shakur]] (Tupac's aunt/godmother in exile in Cuba)
 
*[[Best selling music artists]]
 
*[[Seven Day Theory]]
 
 
 
==Notes and references==
 
<div class="references-small"><references/></div>
 
 
 
==External links==
 
{{wikiquote}}
 
* [http://www.2paclegacy.com 2Pac Legacy] (Official website)
 
* [http://www.tasf.org Tupac Amaru Shakur Foundation for the Arts]
 
* {{imdb name|id=0000637|name= Tupac Shakur}}
 
* [http://billboard.com/bbcom/bio/index.jsp?&cr=artist&or=ASCENDING&sf=length&pid=37157&kw=2pac 2Pac] at [[Billboard magazine|billboard]].com
 
* [http://www.streetgangs.com/topics/tupac Trace Tupac's Murder] Links to mainstream media articles
 
 
 
[[Category:1971 births|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:1996 deaths|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:African American musicians|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:African-American actors|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:American film actors|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:American murder victims|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:American poets|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:American rappers|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:American screenwriters|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:California musicians|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Deaths by firearm|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Entertainers who died in their 20s|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Guinness World Record holders]]
 
[[Category:Murdered entertainers|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:People from New York City|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Rhythmic Top 40 acts|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Shakur family|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Unsolved murders|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Death Row artists|Shakur, Tupac]]
 
[[Category:Interscope]]
 
 
 
[[ar:توباك]]
 
[[bg:Тупак Шакур]]
 
[[da:Tupac Amaru Shakur]]
 
[[de:Tupac Shakur]]
 
[[es:Tupac Shakur]]
 
[[fa:توپاک شکور]]
 
[[fr:Tupac Shakur]]
 
[[is:2Pac]]
 
[[it:Tupac Shakur]]
 
[[he:טופאק שאקור]]
 
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[[ru:Шакур, Тупак]]
 
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Latest revision as of 04:43, 14 August 2013

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Biography

Tupac Amaru Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996), also known by his stage names "2Pac" and briefly as "Makaveli", was an Africdan-American rapper and actor. Shakur has sold over 75 million albums worldwide as of 2010, making him one of the best-selling music artists in the world. MTV ranked him at number two on their list of The Greatest MCs of All Time and Rolling Stone named him the 86th Greatest Artist of All Time. His double disc album "All Eyez on Me" is one of the best selling hip hop albums of all time. Shakur began his career as a roadie, backup dancer, and MC for the alternative hip hop group Digital Underground, eventually branching off as a solo artist. The themes of most of Shakur's songs revolved around the violence and hardship in inner cities, racism and other social problems. Both of his parents and several other of his family were members of the Black Panther Party, whose ideals were reflected in his songs. In late 1993, Shakur formed the group Thug Life with a number of his friends, including Big Syke, Macadoshis, his stepbrother Mopreme Shakur, and Rated R. The group released their only album "Thug Life: Volume 1" on September 26, 1994, which went gold. The album featured the single "Pour Out a Little Liquor," produced by Johnny "J" Jackson, who went on to produce a large part of Shakur's album "All Eyez on Me". During the latter part of his career, Shakur was a vocal participant in the so-called East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry, becoming involved in conflicts with other rappers, producers and record-label staff members, most notably The Notorious B.I.G. and his label Bad Boy Records. In addition to rapping and hip hop music, Shakur acted in films. He made his first film appearance in the motion picture Nothing But Trouble, as part of a cameo by the Digital Underground. His first starring role was in the film Juice. In this film, he played the character Roland Bishop, a violent member of the "Wrecking Crew", for which he was hailed by Rolling Stone's Peter Travers as "the film's most magnetic figure." He then went on to star with Janet Jackson in Poetic Justice and with Duane Martin in Above the Rim. After his death, three of Shakur's completed films, Bullet, Gridlock'd and Gang Related, were released. On September 7, 1996, Shakur was shot multiple times in a drive-by shooting at the intersection of Flamingo Road and Koval Lane in Las Vegas, Nevada. He was taken to the Southern Nevada University Medical Center, where he died six days later.



Videos

To Live and Die in L.A.

Keep Ya Head Up

2 of AmeirKaz Most Wanted (ft. Snoop Dogg)

Hit em up

Dear Mama



Discography

Studio Albums


1991: 2Pacalypse Now

1993: Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z.

1995: Me Against the World

1996: All Eyez on Me

1996: The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory



Collaboration Albums


1991: This Is an EP Release (with Digital Underground)

1991: Sons of the P (with Digital Underground)

1994: Thug Life: Volume 1 (with Thug Life)



Posthumous Solo Albums


1996: The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory

1997: R U Still Down? (Remember Me)

2001: Until the End of Time

2002: Better Dayz

2004: Loyal to the Game

2006: Pac's Life



Posthumous Collaboration Albums


1999: Still I Rise (with Outlawz)



Compilation Albums


1998: Greatest Hits

2003: Tupac Resurrection


Links

Official Twitter Page

Official Page