Difference between revisions of "Crips"

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[[Image:Crips.jpg|thumb|210px|right|The blue bandanas worn by most Crip gangs.]] 
 
The '''Crips''', originating in [[Los Angeles, California|Los Angeles]], [[California]], are one of the oldest, largest, most violent and most notorious [[gang]]s in the [[United States]] TO this date the crips are known to be the largest and most violent street gangs in America The crips can be found in all 50 States.  They have been involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the [[Los Angeles]] area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "[[Franchising|franchise]]s" around the United States. The gang is largely composed of [[African American]]s, but is [[multiracial]] in many cities (e.g. [[San Francisco]]), where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the [[Bloods]].  They are also known to feud with [[Chicano]] gangs. 
 
 
 
==History of the Crips==
 
The Crips were founded in [[Los Angeles, California]] in [[1969]] by 15 year old [[Raymond Washington]]. Washington initially called the gang the Baby Avenues in an attempt to emulate older gangs and activities carried out by the [[Black Panthers]] which he was fascinated with. This evolved to ''Avenue Cribs'' and then ''Cribs'' as nicknames for the age of the members.<ref name="crips">[http://www.gripe4rkids.org/crips.html http://www.gripe4rkids.org/crips.html]</ref> The name ''Crips'' was first introduced in the ''Los Angeles Sentinel''  newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake).  The name stuck.
 
 
 
[[Stanley "Tookie" Williams]], generally acknowledged as co-founder of the Crips,<ref>[http://www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/12/13/williams.execution/ http://www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/12/13/williams.execution/]</ref> started his own gang called the ''Westside Crips''. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1, sparking disputes with non-Crip gangs including the [[L.A. Brims]], [[Athens Park Boys]], [[The Bishops]] and [[The Denver Lanes]]. The Crips eventually became the most powerful gang in California. In response, all of the other besieged gangs, including the [[Pirus]], formed an alliance that later became the [[Bloods]].
 
 
 
Along with friends, Williams and Washington created the initial intent of continuing the revolutionary ideology of the 1960s.  These aspirations were unattainable because of a general lack of political leadership and guidance. Washington and Williams were never able to develop an agenda for social change within the community and instead became obsessed with protecting themselves from other gangs in the community.
 
 
 
By 1971 the gang's notority has spread across Los Angeles. The gang became incresingly violent as they attempted to expand their turf. By the early 80s the gang was heavily involved with drug trade.<ref name="crips">[http://www.gripe4rkids.org/crips.html http://www.gripe4rkids.org/crips.html]</ref>
 
 
 
==Expansion==
 
In the 1980s, Crips moved into the sale of [[cocaine#Crack cocaine|crack]], a form of the drug [[cocaine]]. It was developed as a simpler alternative to the process of [[freebasing]], which necessitates the use of controlled and dangerous chemicals such as [[ether]]. Inexpensive and highly-addictive crack could be marketed by the Crips to lower-income brackets.
 
 
 
The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. 
 
 
 
To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "[[Tookie Protocol For Peace]]".  Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.
 
 
 
==Gang identification==
 
For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other.  One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of [[Washington Preparatory Senior High School|Washington High School]] in [[South Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California|South L.A.]] Another theory is the co-founder, Stanley Williams, had a good and close friend called "Buddha", who wore blue shirts, khakis, shoes, and a blue bandana from his back left pocket. When Buddha died, Williams made blue the Crip color in honor of Buddha. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGC's, (Shotgun Crips), are separated into three sub-sets: the Nine, 139th street; the Foe, 134th street; and the Deuce, 132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue [[bandana]]s and [[British Knights]] sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a [[backronym]] meaning "Blood Killas").  They usually refer derisively to their rivals, the [[Bloods]], as "slobs."
 
 
 
In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police.  Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.
 
 
 
Many Crips will also change words containing the letter B or choose another word to replace it, the best being a word with a C.  This is due to their hatred of Bloods.  If no word can reasonably be substituted, the letter B will be crossed out to show disrespect.  Sometimes excesive use of the letter C also occurs, such as "be right baCC" to refrain from using the initials "ck" which stands for "Crip Killer".  Also the letter B can be written Bk as in "Blood Killer".
 
 
 
==Origin of the name "Crips"==
 
There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:
 
 
 
*The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
 
 
 
*"Crip" originates from the carrying of a cane or stick &mdash; ''Los Angeles Times [[14 April]] [[1992]]'':  "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp &mdash;  cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
 
 
 
*Mis-pronunciation of "The Crypts."
 
 
 
*Some alleged [[backronym]]s for the name include:
 
:*Community (or California) Revolution/Restoration In Progress.
 
 
 
:*Community Resources for an Independent People
 
 
 
:*California Rebels In Power
 
 
 
:*Crip" meaning cradle to the grave. C standing for Cradle, RIP standing Rest In Peace, a common phrase inscribed on tombstones.
 
 
 
==Entertainers with Crip affiliations==
 
* [[Snoop Dogg]] ([[Rollin' 20 Crips]]){{fact}}
 
* [[Daz Dillinger]] (21st Street Crips) <ref name="IMDb-Dillinger">{{cite web|title=Daz Dillinger biography|publisher=[[IMDb]]|accessdate=2006-07-09|url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0226920/bio}}</ref>
 
* [[Dresta]] ([[Nutty Blocc Compton Crips]]) [http://www.worldwideconnected.com/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=443]
 
* [[Eazy-E]] (Kelly Park Compton Crips) <ref name"NPR-Compton">{{cite web|title=Terror, Hope on the Streets of Compton|publisher=[[National Public Radio]]|date=2006-03-06|accessdate=2006-07-09|url=http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5248673}}</ref>
 
* [[Jayo Felony]] (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/jayo_felony/bio.jhtml]
 
* [[MC Eiht]] ([[Tragnew Park Compton Crips]]) [http://thugradio.net/mceihtinterview.html]
 
* [[Tone Loc]] (South Side Compton Crips)[http://www.nndb.com/people/905/000087644/]
 
 
 
*[[Ice Cube]]  (100 Rollin Crips)
 
==Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk==
 
Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County.  [[Snoop Dogg]] is a former member of the [[Rollin' 20 Crips]] in Long Beach (as are [[Warren G]], [[Nate Dogg]], and [[Goldie Loc]]), while [[WC (rapper)|WC]] has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles.  The late [[N.W.A]] member [[Eazy-E]] reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips.  Recently signed [[G-Unit]] rapper [[Spider Loc]] is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips.  It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the [[C-walk]] (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On [[WC (rapper)|WC]]'s song "The Streets" from his [[Ghetto Heisman]] album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, telling suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. Another song with a similar instance is "Not a Dance", by Spider Loc, Young Buck and C-BO. Rappers Young Jeezy and Lil Flip has claimed crip in recent songs there is no evidence staing involvment with a paticuler set.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
==References==
 
<references />
 
* Leon Bing (1991). ''Do or Die: America's Most Notorious Gangs Speak for Themselves''. Sagebrush. ISBN 0-8335-8499-5
 
* [[Stanley Williams|Stanley Tookie Williams]] (2005). ''Blue Rage, Black Redemption: A Memoir'' (PB) ISBN 0-9753584-0-5
 
* Colton Simpson, Ann Pearlman, [[Ice T]] (Foreword) (2005). ''Inside the Crips : Life Inside L.A.'s Most Notorious Gang'' (HB) ISBN 0-312-32929-6
 
* Shakur, Sanyika (1993). ''Monster: The Autobiography of an L.A. Gang Member'', Atlantic Monthly Pr, ISBN 0-87113-535-3
 
* Yusuf Jah, Sister Shah'keyah, [[Ice T]], ''UPRISING : Crips and Bloods Tell the Story of America's Youth In The Crossfire'', ISBN 0-684-80460-3
 
 
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.snopes.com/language/acronyms/crip.htm Snopes Urban Legend] &ndash; The origin of the name Crips
 
*[http://www.dc.state.fl.us/pub/gangs/la.html L.A.-based gangs] &ndash; An overview of LA-based gangs
 
*[http://www.gripe4rkids.org/crips.html Gang Reduction through Intervention, Prevention and Education &ndash; Crips profile]
 
*[http://www.gangsorus.com/bloodalphabet.htm Crips and Blood Alphabet] &ndash; Crips and Bloods Alphabet
 
*[http://www.streetgangs.com Los Angeles Gang History] &ndash; A comprehensive examination into Los Angeles gang history
 
*[http://www.streetgangs.com/history/hist01.html Black Street Gangs in Los Angeles: A History] &ndash; Excerpts from Territoriality Among African American Street Gangs in Los Angeles
 
*[http://www.news.com.au/common/imagedata/0,,5233274,00.jpg Jordan Onasai] &ndash; Image of well-known Australian Crips leader (right)
 
 
 
[[Category:Crips]]
 
[[Category:Modern street gangs]]
 
[[Category:History of Los Angeles]]
 
[[Category:Gangs]]
 
 
 
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Revision as of 22:11, 28 November 2006

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