Oakland, founded in 1852, is the eighth-largest city in California and the county seat of Alameda County. It lies on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay, nestled against the Berkeley Hills and bordering five of the East Bay Regional Parks. To Oakland's north is Berkeley, home to the renowned University of California, Berkeley, and to its west across the Bay Bridge is San Francisco.
Oakland is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, the fifth most populated metropolitan area in the United States. The metropolitan area has a population of over 7 million. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, Oakland's population was 399,484, making it the third-largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area after San Jose and San Francisco.
Though substantial gains have been made as evidenced from the Uniform Crime Reports published by the FBI, the city still ranks high in California for most categories of crime. Though it fared better than the California cities of Richmond, Compton and San Bernardino. In 2006 the crime rate has continued to rise, as it has in San Francisco and neighboring cities. Recently the crime has taken a large toll among youths. As of August 2006, 30% of the people killed in Oakland in 2006 have been teenagers.