East Side Crips

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Raymond Lee Washington grew up on 76th Street on the East Side of Los Angeles, California near Fremont High School and is believed to be one of the founders of what would later be known as the Crips. It was in 1969 when Washington organized several neighborhood kids in a click called the Baby Avenues (aka Avenue Cribs). The Baby Avenues wanted to emulate a gang of older youths called the "Avenue Boys." The Avenue Boys, whose territory was on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles, had been involved in gang activity since 1964. The Baby Avenues then began using the name "Avenue Cribs," in reference to the gang members' relative youth. By late 1971 the Cribs where being referred to as the Crips and their reputation around Los Angeles grew. It was around this time when Washington met Stanley "Tookie" Williams, who lived on the westside and recruited him into the Crips (he would found a gang called the Westside Crips). In 1999, Alex Alonso published a detailed history on the Crips in Territoriality Among African American Street Gangs in Los Angeles which in 2000 inspired the documentary, Lords of the Mafia (aka Gangsta King) which tells the story of how the Crips formed in Los Angeles. Raymond Lee Washington was killed on August 9, 1979 at the age of 25 on the corner of 64th and San Pedro Streets in Los Angeles, five months after Tookie Williams was arrested for quadruple murder. No one was was ever arrested in Washington's murder.